Nature Heritage


Belarus’ unique natural environment is host to a fascinating selection of rare plant and animal species, plus several National Parks and a range of significant conservation projects.

There are five National Parks in Belarus, protected by the State. Their work has been recognised and supported by UNESCO.

Belavezhskaya Pushcha

The Belavezhskaya Pushcha park is in the Brest region, 340km to the south-west of Minsk. There are records of reserve work in the locality dating back centuries. UNESCO granted the park World Heritage Site status in 1992, and Biosphere Reserve status in 1993. Belavezhskaya Pushcha park is home to many ancient oak trees dating back more than 500 years, as well as venerable ash, pine and fir trees.

There are also significant animal and bird populations here, including the world’s largest population of the rare European bison and the greater spotted eagle.

Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve

This park lies in the Vitebsk region of Belarus and was set up in 1925 to protect rare animal species in the north of the country. Just 120km from Minsk, it forms part of UNESCO’s Biosphere Reserves World Network.

The reserve is made up of forests, bogs, reservoirs and meadows. More than half of the known species of Belarusian flora can be found here, including:

  • 56 mammal species
  • 220 bird species
  • 9 amphibian species
  • 5 reptile species
  • 34 types of fish

Braslavskiye Ozera National Park

This park was established in 1995 among the beautiful lakes of the Vitebsk region in the north-west of Belarus.

The park’s 69,000+ hectares host more than 800 species of plant, 20 of them close to extinction. It is also home to:

  • 30 species of fish
  • 189 species of birds (85% of all nesting birds in Belarus)
  • 45 mammal species
  • 10 amphibian species
  • 6 reptile species

The ancient town of Braslav, which dates back to the 11th century, is scenically sited in the middle of the park.

Narachansky National Park

Narachansky National Park, in the Minsk region of Belarus was established in 1999.

More than a third of its 94,000 hectares are forest, home to the majority of the country’s pine trees.

The park is a recreational reserve, popular with anglers for its large, well-stocked lakes. It’s also famous for its natural springs and has 18 sanatoria and recuperation centres.

Pripyatsky National Park

Pripyat National Park — the Belarusian “Amazon land”.

The greatest wood in Belarus to mention is Polesye. It is the heart of “Pripyatsky” National Park, situated in the south of Belarus, 250 km from Minsk. Polesye spreads on both sides of the Pripyat River. The park’s area is about 190,000 hectares, where you find high wetlands, River Pripyat with its huge flood-lands , oak forests,  turf swamps, 500 hectares of cranberry fields.